## GATE Civil Engineering Overview

Civil Engineering is one of the core branches of Engineering.Candidates having BE or BTech degree in Civil Engineering paper can opt for GATE exams. The complete details and eligibility criteria of the paper is mentioned in my article on GATE exams.

You can read the post and in case of any queries you can post your questions as well.In this article I will discuss about Civil Engineering paper.I will discuss below things in this article

- Paper statistics
- Free online tests
- Recommended books
- Detailed Syllabus
- Free Android App

All these resources will help you crack Civil Engineering paper with ease.

## GATE Civil Engineering Statistics

Below are some interesting statistics of this paper.Lets see the statistics first then I will share analysis based on them.

- Number of candidates registered for the exam – 1,40,000 (approx)
- Number of candidates appeared for the exam – 1,20,000(approx)
- Number of qualified candidates – 18013
- Percentage of candidates qualified – 16% (approx)
- Maximum marks out of 100 – 87.86
- Minimum marks out of 100 – 16.79
- Average marks – 33.91
- Standard Deviation – 11.39

The selection rate in Civil Engineering is one of the lowest among other papers. This makes it one of the most difficult papers. The minimum marks is also one of the lowest among different GATE papers.THe difference between lowest marks and highest marks is also telling.

The average marks in below 40. So majority of candidates score in range of 40 to 30. So if you can get more than 55 in Civil Paper then you can get good ranking. The highest marks may be 87 but difference between highest and average suggests that most candidates score pretty less than that.

Understanding the marks distribution you can plan your strategy on how to prepare for the exams.Now lets discuss about preparation materials to help yo crack the exams.

## GATE Civil Engineering online tests

Civil Engineering is one the core branches of Engineering.The number of candidates appearing for GATE Civil Engineering paper is also good.This makes the exam more difficult.So you should have something which gives you edge over other candidates.You need something like our online test series.You can think of the test series as pre GATE exams.

The only difference is you can take online tests any number of times for free but GATE exams can be taken only once a year.Below are the links to online tests.All the questions are different and important for upcoming GATE exams.

It is advised to practice all the online tests. It test has combination of previous year GATE exams questions along with questions important for current year exam.

## GATE Civil Engineering recommended books

There are good number of books available in market.Most of them try to do justice with the content and are decent for use in the exams.But personally I would recommend below books above others.

### Book 1

This is the first preference. This is popular and very highly rated. The reason of recommending this book are

- The book divided into three sections namely General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics and Civil Engineering.
- The chapters cover unit wise and topic wise collection of theory and question answers.
- Last 6 year questions are solved and five mock test papers provided.
- The book comes with a free CD containing Online Mock Tests for GATE Civil Engineering
- 1400 pages cover theory and all sections of the paper.

In case you do not prefer this book then below book is mentioned as an alternative.You can buy this one or that one. You can get the book in discounted price using below link.

### Book 2

This is the second choice.It is also popular and highly rated. But it defeated other books in competition due to below reason.

This book provides 24×7 access to premium content through an android app and a web portal.

This 24*7 feature is not provided by any other book. This makes it one good choice over other books.With 1300 pages the book covers theory as well as practical problems. It is updated as per latest syllabus of GATE exams.There is not much to choice between first book and second book.It is just matter of preference.You can use below link to buy the book at discounted price.

## GATE Civil Engineering syllabus

During your graduation you have studies lots of subjects along with Core Civil subjects.Before preparing for GATE exams ideally you should note the syllabus.This helps you cut down on subjects and topics to study.You will only have to focus on syllabus.I have outlined the detailed topic wise syllabus for your reference.This is latest syllabus taken from official website of GATE exams (link).

### Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

__Linear Algebra__

Matrix algebra; Systems of linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen vectors.

Calculus

Functions of single variable; Limit, continuity and differentiability; Mean value theorems, local maxima and minima, Taylor and Maclaurin series; Evaluation of definite and indefinite integrals, application of definite integral to obtain area and volume; Partial derivatives; Total derivative; Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE)

First order (linear and non-linear) equations; higher order linear equations with constant coefficients; Euler-Cauchy equations; Laplace transform and its application in solving linear ODEs; initial and boundary value problems.

Partial Differential Equation (PDE)

Fourier series; separation of variables; solutions of one- dimensional diffusion equation; first and second order one-dimensional wave equation and two-dimensional Laplace equation.

Probability and Statistics

Definitions of probability and sampling theorems; Conditional probability; Discrete Random variables: Poisson and Binomial distributions; Continuous random variables: normal and exponential distributions; Descriptive statistics – Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Hypothesis testing.

Numerical Methods

Accuracy and precision; error analysis. Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; Least square approximation, Newton’s and Lagrange polynomials, numerical differentiation, Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, single and multi-step methods for first order differential equations

### Section 2: Structural Engineering

Engineering Mechanics

System of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations; Internal forces in structures; Friction and its applications; Kinematics of point mass and rigid body; Centre of mass; Euler’s equations of motion; Impulse-momentum; Energy methods; Principles of virtual work.

Solid Mechanics

Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams; Simple stress and strain relationships; Theories of failures; Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, shear centre; Uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.

Structural Analysis

Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods; Method of superposition; Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames; Displacement methods: Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Influence lines; Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis.

Construction Materials and Management

Construction Materials: Structural steel – composition, material properties and behaviour; Concrete – constituents, mix design, short-term and long-term properties; Bricks and mortar; Timber; Bitumen. Construction Management: Types of construction projects; Tendering and construction contracts; Rate analysis and standard specifications; Cost estimation; Project planning and network analysis – PERT and CPM

Concrete Structures

Working stress, Limit state and Ultimate load design concepts; Design of beams, slabs, columns; Bond and development length; Prestressed concrete; Analysis of beam sections at transfer and service loads.

Steel Structures

Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of tension and compression members, beams and beam- columns, column bases; Connections – simple and eccentric, beam-column connections, plate girders and trusses; Plastic analysis of beams and frames

### Section 3: Geotechnical Engineering

Soil Mechanics

Origin of soils, soil structure and fabric; Three-phase system and phase relationships, index properties; Unified and Indian standard soil classification system; Permeability – one dimensional flow, Darcy’s law; Seepage through soils – two-dimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping;

Principle of effective stress, capillarity, seepage force and quicksand condition; Compaction in laboratory and field conditions; One- dimensional consolidation, time rate of consolidation; Mohr’s circle, stress paths, effective and total shear strength parameters, characteristics of clays and sand.

Foundation Engineering

Sub-surface investigations – scope, drilling bore holes, sampling, plate load test, standard penetration and cone penetration tests; Earth pressure theories – Rankine and Coulomb; Stability of slopes – finite and infinite slopes, method of slices and Bishop’s method; Stress distribution in soils – Boussinesq’s and Westergaard’s theories

pressure bulbs; Shallow foundations – Terzaghi’s and Meyerhoff’s bearing capacity theories, effect of water table; Combined footing and raft foundation; Contact pressure; Settlement analysis in sands and clays; Deep foundations – types of piles, dynamic and static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile load test, negative skin friction

### Section 4: Water Resources Engineering

Fluid Mechanics

Properties of fluids, fluid statics; Continuity, momentum, energy and corresponding equations; Potential flow, applications of momentum and energy equations; Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes, pipe networks; Concept of boundary layer and its growth.

Hydraulics

Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude; Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles; Basics of hydraulic machines, specific speed of pumps and turbines; Channel Hydraulics – Energy-depth relationships, specific energy, critical flow, slope profile, hydraulic jump, uniform flow and gradually varied flow

Hydrology

Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapo-transpiration, watershed, infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, flood estimation and routing, reservoir capacity, reservoir and channel routing, surface run-off models, ground water hydrology – steady state well hydraulics and aquifers; Application of Darcy’s law.

Irrigation

Duty, delta, estimation of evapo-transpiration; Crop water requirements; Design of lined and unlined canals, head works, gravity dams and spillways; Design of weirs on permeable foundation; Types of irrigation systems, irrigation methods; Water logging and drainage; Canal regulatory works, cross-drainage structures, outlets and escapes

### Section 5: Environmental Engineering

Water and Waste Water

Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water treatment. Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater.

Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater, effluent discharge standards. Domestic wastewater treatment, quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment. Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal.

Air Pollution

Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution control, air quality standards and limits.

Municipal Solid Wastes

Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal).

Noise Pollution

Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of noise pollution.

### Section 6: Transportation Engineering

Transportation Infrastructure

Highway alignment and engineering surveys; Geometric design of highways – cross-sectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments; Geometric design of railway track; Airport runway length, taxiway and exit taxiway design.

Highway Pavements

Highway materials – desirable properties and quality control tests; Design of bituminous paving mixes; Design factors for flexible and rigid pavements; Design of flexible pavement using IRC: 37-2012; Design of rigid pavements using IRC: 58-2011; Distresses in concrete pavements.

Traffic Engineering

Traffic studies on flow, speed, travel time – delay and O-D study, PCU, peak hour factor, parking study, accident study and analysis, statistical analysis of traffic data; Microscopic and macroscopic parameters of traffic flow, fundamental relationships; Control devices, signal design by Webster’s method; Types of intersections and channelization; Highway capacity and level of service of rural highways and urban roads.

### Section 7: Geomatics Engineering

Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps – scale, coordinate system; Distance and angle measurement – Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey; Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves. Photogrammetry – scale, flying height; Remote sensing – basics, platform and sensors, visual image interpretation; Basics of Geographical information system (GIS) and Geographical Positioning system (GPS)

**Conclusion**

You can post your questions here.I would also be increasing number of online tests with quality in mind.Consider sharing this post in case you found this useful.Along with above materials You can use my free Android app. You can install the App and practice on go.The App contains previous year GATE questions with answers.

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