## GATE Electrical Engineering Overview

Electrical Engineering is one of the core branches of Engineering.Over the years it has not lost its popularity.In this article we will cover below things to help you prepare for GATE Electrical Engineering paper.

- Paper Statistics
- Free Online Test
- Recommended Book
- Detailed Syllabus
- Free Mobile App

In case you want to know more about GATE exams then read my article on that. In that article you can post your questions regarding Eligibility criteria, exam format and other details important for you.I have also shared complete details about the exam as well.

## GATE Electrical Engineering Statistics

Below are some interesting statistics about this paper

- Number of candidates registered for the exam – 1,50,000 (approx)
- Number of candidates appeared for the exam – 1,30,000 (approx)
- Number of qualified candidates – 21,396
- Percentage of candidates qualified – 16% (approx)
- Maximum marks out of 100 – 88.39
- Minimum marks out of 100 – 16.74
- Average marks – 34.09
- Standard Deviation – 11.17

The pass percentage of this paper is lower compared to most GATE papers. On an average most GATE papers have pass percentage of 20. This paper has pass percentage of 16. This makes it one of the difficult papers to clear GATE exams.

The number of candidates appearing for this paper is lower only than Mechanical Engineering and Electronics and Communications.The average marks is also low only 34 marks. But the highest marks is 88 and lowest marks is 17. So majority of candidates have marks in range of 25 to 45. So if you can get any marks above 50 or 55 then you will have decent rank.

Based on above discussion you can plan your preparation.There is no need to cover all the topics.You can cover some topics important for exams which will get you 50% of marks. Quality of preparation is important than quantity.Below preparation materials will help you crack the exam with ease.

## GATE Electrical Engineering online tests

The best GATE Electrical online test series created with quality in mind.The sole focus was to create a test series which give you edge over other candidates.It should be one of the tests in huge collection of online tests.Rather it should be a distinct test which help you crack the GATE Electrical Engineering paper with ease.

Below are the links to GATE Electrical Engineering tests.Note all the tests are unique and totally free.For best results you should try all the tests.

You can also compare your marks with that of others.So you can know your preparation level to that of others appearing in the exam.If your marks is on higher side then good if not then you need to invest more time studying.

## GATE Electrical Engineering recommended books

Electrical Engineering is core branch of Engineering.So there are lots of book available in the market on this subject unlike some of the GATE papers.Out of them it was tough job to select a book.Some of them were close competitors and it would not be justice to say this one is better than other.But taking everything into account along with students feedback I came up with below book.

This book contains Theory (in short) , Practice sums (about 40-45 sums coupled into 2 exercises level 1 and 2 after every topic) , Gate previous year problems (about 20 per topic) , a subject test at the end of the subject.Overall it has a good number of quality questions to aid your preparation.

The book is divided into three parts covering, (1) General Aptitude, (2) Engineering Mathematics and (3) Electrical Engineering. Coverage is as per the syllabus prescribed for GATE and topics are handled in a comprehensive manner.The book has 1700+ solved questions, 6000+ practice questions and Question Bank Covering Previous 10 Years GATE Questions Papers.

The book has theory part as well in concise manner ideal for revise.You can buy the book at discounted price from below link.

## GATE Electrical Engineering syllabus

GATE Electrical Engineering syllabus comprises of most core topics of Electrical Engineering curriculum covered in Graduate courses.So if you have books of those core subjects then they will help you in preparation.But you should also understand which topics are included in GATE exams and which are not.This helps in better planning and preparation.Wasting energy on subjects which will not be part of GATE exams is not good.

Below syllabus is latest one taken from the official website of GATE exams(link).

### Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

__Linear Algebra __

Matrix Algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues, Eigenvectors.

__Calculus__

Mean value theorems, Theorems of integral calculus, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial Derivatives, Maxima and minima, Multiple integrals, Fourier series, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line integral, Surface integral, Volume integral, Stokes’s theorem, Gauss’s theorem, Green’s theorem.

__Differential equations__

First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Method of variation of parameters, Cauchy’s equation, Euler’s equation, Initial and boundary value problems, Partial Differential Equations, Method of separation of variables.

__Complex variables __

Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula, Taylor series, Laurent series, Residue theorem, Solution integrals.

__Probability and Statistics__

Sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, Median, Mode, Standard Deviation, Random variables, Discrete and Continuous distributions, Poisson distribution, Normal distribution, Binomial distribution, Correlation analysis, Regression analysis.

__Numerical Methods__

Solutions of nonlinear algebraic equations, Single and Multi‐step methods for differential equations.

__Transform Theory__

Fourier Transform, Laplace Transform, z‐Transform.

### Section 2: Electric Circuits

Network graph, KCL, KVL, Node and Mesh analysis, Transient response of dc and ac networks, Sinusoidal steady‐state analysis, Resonance, Passive filters, Ideal current and voltage sources, Thevenin’s theorem, Norton’s theorem, Superposition theorem, Maximum power transfer theorem, Two‐port networks, Three phase circuits, Power and power factor in ac circuits.

### Section 3: Electromagnetic Fields

Coulomb’s Law, Electric Field Intensity, Electric Flux Density, Gauss’s Law, Divergence, Electric field and potential due to point, line, plane and spherical charge distributions, Effect of dielectric medium, Capacitance of simple configurations, Biot‐Savart’s law, Ampere’s law, Curl, Faraday’s law, Lorentz force, Inductance, Magnetomotive force, Reluctance, Magnetic circuits,Self and Mutual inductance of simple configurations.

### Section 4: Signals and Systems

Representation of continuous and discrete‐time signals, Shifting and scaling operations, Linear Time Invariant and Causal systems, Fourier series representation of continuous periodic signals, Sampling theorem, Applications of Fourier Transform, Laplace Transform and z-Transform

### Section 5: Electrical Machines

Single phase transformer: equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, open circuit and short circuit tests, regulation and efficiency; Three phase transformers: connections, parallel operation; Auto‐transformer, Electromechanical energy conversion principles, DC machines: separately excited, series and shunt, motoring and generating mode of operation and their characteristics, starting and speed control of dc motors;

Three phase induction motors: principle of operation, types, performance, torque-speed characteristics, no-load and blocked rotor tests, equivalent circuit, starting and speed control; Operating principle of single phase induction motors; Synchronous machines: cylindrical and salient pole machines, performance, regulation and parallel operation of generators, starting of synchronous motor, characteristics; Types of losses and efficiency calculations of electric machines.

### Section 6: Power Systems

Power generation concepts, ac and dc transmission concepts, Models and performance of transmission lines and cables, Series and shunt compensation, Electric field distribution and insulators, Distribution systems, Per‐unit quantities, Bus admittance matrix, Gauss- Seidel and Newton-Raphson load flow methods, Voltage and Frequency control, Power factor correction, Symmetrical components, Symmetrical and unsymmetrical fault analysis, Principles of over‐current, differential and distance protection; Circuit breakers, System stability concepts, Equal area criterion.

### Section 7: Control Systems

Mathematical modeling and representation of systems, Feedback principle, transfer function, Block diagrams and Signal flow graphs, Transient and Steady‐state analysis of linear time invariant systems, Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist criteria, Bode plots, Root loci, Stability analysis, Lag, Lead and Lead‐Lag compensators; P, PI and PID controllers; State space model, State transition matrix

### Section 8: Electrical and Electronic Measurements

Bridges and Potentiometers, Measurement of voltage, current, power, energy and power factor; Instrument transformers, Digital voltmeters and multimeters, Phase, Time and Frequency measurement; Oscilloscopes, Error analysis.

### Section 9: Analog and Digital Electronics

Characteristics of diodes, BJT, MOSFET; Simple diode circuits: clipping, clamping, rectifiers; Amplifiers: Biasing, Equivalent circuit and Frequency response; Oscillators and Feedback amplifiers; Operational amplifiers: Characteristics and applications; Simple active filters, VCOs and Timers, Combinational and Sequential logic circuits, Multiplexer, Demultiplexer, Schmitt trigger, Sample and hold circuits, A/D and D/A converters, 8085Microprocessor: Architecture, Programming and Interfacing.

### Section 10: Power Electronics

Characteristics of semiconductor power devices: Diode, Thyristor, Triac, GTO, MOSFET, IGBT; DC to DC conversion: Buck, Boost and Buck-Boost converters; Single and three phase configuration of uncontrolled rectifiers, Line commutated thyristor based converters, Bidirectional ac to dc voltage source converters, Issues of line current harmonics, Power factor, Distortion factor of ac to dc converters, Single phase and three phase inverters, Sinusoidal pulse width modulation

**Conclusion**

All the best for your GATE Electrical Engineering paper.You can post your questions here.Consider sharing this post in case you found it useful.

You can use below Android App to practice anywhere you want. The App has questions with answers.It is available on Google Play and completely free. Below link provides details of the App.