## GATE Instrumentation Engineering Overview

GATE Instrumentation Engineering paper is one of the papers you can appear for in GATE exams. I have written separate post which deals with eligibility criteria for this exam. Note for all exams educational qualification and age requirements are same.

The only thing that differs is your Graduation stream (BTECH and BE). You can read my post on GATE exams for more details. You can also post your queries about the exams there.In this article I will discuss about Instrumentation Engineering only.

I will discuss (provide details of) below mentioned items one by one

- Free Online tests
- Free mobile app
- Paper statistics
- Recommended books
- Detailed Syllabus

## GATE Instrumentation Engineering statistics

Below statistics will help you plan your studies. I will discuss things we can learn from these stats

- Total number of candidates registered for paper – 18,000 (approx)
- Total number of candidates appeared for paper – 14,500 (approx)
- Number of qualified candidate -2566
- Percentage of successful candidates – 18% (approx)
- Maximum marks out of 100 – 84.67
- Minimum marks out of 100 – 21
- Average marks by candidates – 40.58
- Standard deviation is – 11.11

The success rate of this paper is same as most of the other papers. You can see that for every 5 to 6 candidate only one clear the paper. So proper planning and execution is important to clear the paper.

Instrumentation Engineering representation in GATE exams is lower compared to other streams of Engineering like Mechanical or Computer or other branches.

## GATE Instrumentation Engineering online tests

GATE exams are important for higher studies.You can also get job in Government organizations using GATE score.The exam is very important for technical candidates.We have created online tests for upcoming GATE exams.The aim is to help candidates crack the exams.

You can use below links to attempt the GATE Instrumentation Engineering online tests.Sometimes GATE Instrumentation Engineering has questions from GATE Electronics and Communications paper.So you can also solve GATE Electronics and Communications paper.You should only solve topics which are common in GATE Electronics and Communication and GATE Instrumentation.Later in this post I have given GATE Instrumentation Engineering syllabus.

For better results try all the online tests given above.Each test has unique set of questions. The exams have previous year questions as well as sample question important for this year exams.

## GATE Instrumentation Engineering recommended books

All the major publishers of competitive exams have books on GATE Instrumentation Engineering paper.But I wanted to search beyond the popular books.In fact I browsed through the popular ones and not so popular ones.I tried to understand which one will be more beneficial to candidates.After searching I found below books. I have ordered the books as per my recommendation.

### Book 1

I recommend this book. This one should be your first preference. But for some reason if you do not want to go with this one then you can buy the second one. Below features make this book an useful read for candidates

- The book is organized topic wise. You will find questions and theory topic wise
- Last 6 year GATE papers are solved
- 5 mock tests with questions important for current year exams
- The book comes with a free CD containing Online Mock Tests for GATE Instrumentation Engineering
- Syllabus is provided for your reference. Book has Quantitative Aptitude section and Engineering Maths section as well
- Good rating and review by the candidates

You can buy the book from below link with a discount as well costing you less than market price.The book is updated every year.The book has around 1500 pages which covers theory as well as practicals.

### Book 2

This is my second recommendation. This is more of a practice book.There is lack of theory in this book.This is the reason I preferred the first book for preparation.The whole book is divided into sections.The book also covers papers from GATE 2003 and before.

Each previous year question is analyzed for better understanding of the topic.The book has 450 pages. If you want a practice book then you can go for it. You can use below link to buy it at a discount

Click to buy GATE 2018: Instrumentation Engineering Solved Papers

### Book 3

This is yet again a theory book as well as practical book. The book has around 1100 pages. The buyer of book can access the premium content of authors for free. You can access the content using Internet or mobile app. So this one offers something which is missing in above two books.

You can read and follow the books on go with mobile app and web portal.Note not many students are using this one. Bt this book can become popular with time. I would recommend this one if you do not prefer the first two option. This can also be dark horse book for preparation.

You can buy the book from below link with discount.

## GATE Instrumentation Engineering syllabus

As I promised earlier below is the GATE Instrumentation Engineering syllabus.This is the latest syllabus taken directly from official website of GATE exams.(link)

### Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, Eigen values and Eigen vectors.Calculus: Mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, multiple integrals, Fourier series, vector identities, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

Differential equations: First order equation (linear and nonlinear), higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, method of variation of parameters, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, initial and boundary value problems, solution of partial differential equations: variable separable method.

Analysis of complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’s series, residue theorem, solution of integrals. Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems, conditional probability, mean, median, mode and standard deviation, random variables, discrete and continuous distributions:

normal, Poisson and binomial distributions.

Numerical Methods: Matrix inversion, solutions of non-linear algebraic equations, iterative methods for solving differential equations, numerical integration, regression and correlation analysis.

### Section 2: Electrical Circuits

Voltage and current sources: independent, dependent, ideal and practical; v-i relationships of resistor, inductor, mutual inductor and capacitor; transient analysis of RLC circuits with dc excitation. Kirchoff’s laws, mesh and nodal analysis, superposition, Thevenin, Norton, maximum power transfer and reciprocity theorems.

Peak-, average- and rms values of ac quantities; apparent-, active- and reactive powers; phasor analysis, impedance and admittance; series and parallel resonance, locus diagrams, realization of basic filters with R, L and C elements.

One-port and two-port networks, driving point impedance and admittance, open-, and short circuit parameters.

### Section 3: Signals and Systems

Periodic, aperiodic and impulse signals; Laplace, Fourier and z-transforms; transfer function, frequency response of first and second order linear time invariant systems, impulse response of systems; convolution, correlation. Discrete time system: impulse response, frequency response, pulse transfer function; DFT and FFT; basics of IIR and FIR filters.

### Section 4: Control Systems

Feedback principles, signal flow graphs, transient response, steady-state-errors, Bode plot, phase and gain margins, Routh and Nyquist criteria, root loci, design of lead, lag and lead-lag compensators, state-space representation of systems; time-delay systems; mechanical, hydraulic and pneumatic system components, synchro pair, servo and

stepper motors, servo valves; on-off, P, P-I, P-I-D, cascade, feedforward, and ratio controllers.

### Section 5: Analog Electronics

Characteristics and applications of diode, Zener diode, BJT and MOSFET; small signal analysis of transistor circuits, feedback amplifiers. Characteristics of operational amplifiers; applications of opamps: difference amplifier, adder, subtractor, integrator, differentiator, instrumentation amplifier, precision rectifier, active filters and other circuits. Oscillators, signal generators, voltage controlled oscillators and phase locked loop.

### Section 6: Digital Electronics

Combinational logic circuits, minimization of Boolean functions. IC families: TTL and CMOS. Arithmetic circuits, comparators, Schmitt trigger, multi-vibrators, sequential circuits, flipflops, shift registers, timers and counters; sample-and-hold circuit, multiplexer, analog-todigital (successive approximation, integrating, flash and sigma-delta) and digital-toanalog converters (weighted R, R-2R ladder and current steering logic). Characteristics of

ADC and DAC (resolution, quantization, significant bits, conversion/settling time); basics of number systems, 8-bit microprocessor and microcontroller: applications, memory and input-output interfacing; basics of data acquisition systems.

### Section 7: Measurements

SI units, systematic and random errors in measurement, expression of uncertainty accuracy and precision index, propagation of errors. PMMC, MI and dynamometer type instruments; dc potentiometer; bridges for measurement of R, L and C, Q-meter. Measurement of voltage, current and power in single and three phase circuits; ac and dc

current probes; true rms meters, voltage and current scaling, instrument transformers, timer/counter, time, phase and frequency measurements, digital voltmeter, digital multimeter; oscilloscope, shielding and grounding.

### Section 8: Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation

Resistive-, capacitive-, inductive-, piezoelectric-, Hall effect sensors and associated signal conditioning circuits; transducers for industrial instrumentation: displacement (linear and angular), velocity, acceleration, force, torque, vibration, shock, pressure (including low pressure), flow (differential pressure, variable area, electromagnetic, ultrasonic, turbine and open channel flow meters) temperature (thermocouple, bolometer, RTD (3/4 wire), thermistor, pyrometer and semiconductor); liquid level, pH, conductivity and viscosity measurement.

### Section 9: Communication and Optical Instrumentation

Amplitude- and frequency modulation and demodulation; Shannon’s sampling theorem, pulse code modulation; frequency and time division multiplexing, amplitude-, phase-, frequency-, pulse shift keying for digital modulation; optical sources and detectors: LED, laser, photo-diode, light dependent resistor and their characteristics; interferometer:

applications in metrology; basics of fiber optic sensing.

**Conclusion**

Books,Online tests and clear understanding of syllabus is needed for proper preparation of GATE exams.In case you want some more details then share your thoughts. I will try to include that information as well in this post. Also yo can use my mobile app for preparation as well. Below is link of my mobile app. The App is free and is available on Google Play.

Consider sharing this post in case you found it useful.

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